Stress is our body’s response to any kind of situation. There is always a ‘fight and flight’ response as which our body response. Generally, we consider stress is bad, but it’s not. Sometimes, stress is also beneficial for us; it helps us to perform under pressure and motivates us to do our best. Stress can be related to finance; work, relationships, family and other situation, anything that poses a real or perceived challenge or threat to somebody’s lives can cause stress. Our body reacts differently to a different type of stress.
Stress can also help you to face the challenges. It keeps us alert during a presentation at work, keeps us motivated when we are attempting the game-winning, or to study for an exam. Over-stress is not good for our physical and psychological health, it can affect your mood, our work and even our quality of life. The body produces larger quantities of the chemicals cortisol, adrenaline, and noradrenaline. These trigger an increased heart rate, heightened muscle preparedness, sweating, and alertness. All these factors improve the ability to respond to a hazardous or challenging situation.
Factors that affect this reaction are known as stressors. More of the stressors, the more stress we tend to feel. Any kind of noises, aggressive behavior, horrible situation etc could be the example of stressors.
Stress is not always caused by external factors, it can also be internal or self-generated, and when we excessively worry about something that even does not require much attention causes stress. It is also depending on the perception of perception. A particular situation may be stressful for you, but the other person may even enjoy it. Where one person thrives under pressure and performs best in the face of a tight deadline, another will shut down when work demands escalate. And while you may enjoy helping care for your elderly parents, your siblings may find the demands of caretaking overwhelming stressful.
According to the Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale, these are the top ten stressful life events for adults that can cause stress:
- Death of a spouse
- Marriage separation
- Death of a close family member
- Injury or illness
- Job loss
- Marriage reconciliation
Types of Stress
- Acute stress
- Episodic acute stress
- Chronic stress
Ways to cope up with stress
To live a happy and stress-free life, you may want to begin with the following ways:
- Keep a positive attitude.
- Accept that there are events that you cannot control.
- Be assertive instead of aggressive. Assert your feelings, opinions, or beliefs instead of becoming angry, defensive, or passive.
- Learn and practice relaxation techniques; try meditation, yoga.
- Exercise regularly. Your body can fight stress better when it is fit.
- Eat healthy, well-balanced meals.
- Learn to manage your time more effectively.
- Set limits appropriately and say no to requests that would create excessive stress in your life.
- Make time for hobbies and interests.
- Get enough rest and sleep. Your body needs time to recover from stressful events.
- Don’t rely on alcohol, drugs, or compulsive behaviors to reduce stress.
- Seek out social support. Spend enough time with those you love.
- Seek treatment with a psychologist or other mental health professional trained in stress management or biofeedback techniques to learn more healthy ways of dealing with the stress in your life.